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Seeing the Forest for the Trees
THE SEEDS OF FOREST WATCH were sown back in the late 1980s when Barry Rock would travel to secondary schools, show some clips from the Public Broadcasting Service’s “Mission to Planet Earth” series in which he was featured, and get standing ovations and requests for autographs from the kids.

“It was silly stuff, really,” Rock recalls. Silly perhaps, but it sure got the students fired up and laid the foundation for what would become a central part of Rock’s scientific research—engaged outreach.
Rock students
Barry Rock with Forest
Watch students.
Photo: Kristi Donahue, UNH-EOS

Forest Watch has been going strong now for 17 years. The program is a unique way of conducting science with the help of primary and secondary school students who collect and process data relating to air pollution damage in forest stands in New England. Over 350 schools have participated in the program, with some 50 to 100 actively engaged in monitoring white pines, a bio-indicator species for ground-level ozone (smog), in any given year.

Over the course of 17 years, Forest Watch has demonstrated that students can collect valuable data for ongoing scientific research and learn science and mathematics by doing research in their local area. Student data have clearly shown how responsive white pines are to year-to-year variations in ground-level ozone exposure.

“The access to student data, when properly collected, has been invaluable in terms of doing our science. The good news is that as the result of student data, we’ve learned that trees across New England have become healthier during the late 1990s and on into the 2000s compared to the early 1990s,” says Rock.

Forest Watch
The National Science Foundation has funded Forest Watch as part of its Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Program, which seeks to increase student interest in the sciences.

Rock notes that one measure of the program’s success is the fact that as he walks across the UNH campus he is often greeted by students who are complete strangers but know him through video tapes they saw in the their Forest Watch programs in middle or high school.

Key also to the program’s success has been the funding support provided by NASA’s Space Grant program. Rock credits David Bartlett, director of the New Hampshire Space Grant Consortium, with “stepping up” and providing additional funds to bolster Forest Watch. “Space Grant has been very instrumental and has made significant contributions almost since the beginning,” he says.

“Forest Watch was the very first outreach program that NH Space Grant funded, starting in 1991,” says Bartlett. “It’s gratifying that we have been able to support this program continuously ever since, and have expanded to help support other programs like Watershed Watch and Project SMART as well. Through Forest Watch and his other projects, Barry has created a model for engaging young students in science that has become nationally and internationally known.”

In the tradition of Forest Watch, Rock, Subhash Minosha, and others also spearheaded the creation of Project SMART—a summer institute at UNH for talented high school students in science and mathematics, and Watershed Watch, also a summertime, hands-on science course that allows students to use a wide range of scientific methods to study both the aquatic and terrestrial parts of a watershed.

Watershed Watch, an NSF-funded program, is aimed at increasing the number of undergraduates receiving associate or baccalaureate degrees in established or emerging fields within science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Run by the Joan and James Leitzel Center at UNH, Watershed Watch involves a partnership between UNH and Elizabeth City State University in North Carolina—a historically black university in North Carolina. Also participating are two-year colleges the New Hampshire Community Technical College and North Carolina’s College of the Albemarle.

The program has had an approximately 60 percent success rate—based on the number of participants who have declared either a major or a minor in some area of science. Rock, along with Linda Hayden of ECSU, headed up the outreach efforts for last summer’s IEEE International Geoscience & Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) held in Boston. The theme of the 2008 symposium was “The Next Generation” and defined the event’s overarching focus on outreach and budding scientists.

The participation of four seventh-grade students from the K-8 Gilmanton School in Gilmanton, N.H. was clear evidence of how successful programs like Forest Watch are at engaging young people in real science and providing them with unparalleled opportunities.

The four girls from Gilmanton presented research findings from their Forest Watch remote sensing work to Earth scientists from over 50 countries during a poster session. The experience, noted their teacher Mary Fougere, opened their minds and doors to the future in ways that no other experience could. The girls may have the opportunity to travel to South Africa in 2009 for the next annual IGARSS symposium.

The fact that the Gilmanton students were girls was not lost on the scientists participating in the IGARSS meetings. Says Rock, “I don’t know what surprised participants more, the fact that the students were so young or that they were all girls. They were the hit of the poster session.”

by David Sims, Science Writer, Institute for the Study of Earth, Oceans, and Space. Published in Fall 2008 issue of EOS Spheres.